The Victoria Cross is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy. The medal was instituted on February 5, 1856 with awards retroactive to 1854. The first award to a Canadian was in February 1857, to Lt. Alexander DUNN (Charge of the Light Brigade). There have been 1,351 Victoria Crosses and 3 Bars awarded worldwide, 94 to Canadians (Canadian-born or serving in the Canadian Army or with a close connection to Canada).
The following list (though not complete) is of Canadian soldiers awarded the Victoria Cross during the First World War.
Lieutenant Robert Grierson Combe, VC – Battle of Fresnoy May 1917.
Captain George B. McKean, VC, MC, MM – Raids of 28-29 April 1918